Hepatitis C is a liver disease brought on by the hepatitis C virus: the virus can bring on both acute and chronic hepatitis, running in intensity from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a serious, permanent illness.
The hepatitis C virus is a bloodborne virus and the most common modes of infection are through exposure to small quantities of blood. This may happen through injection drug use, unsafe injection practices, unsafe health care, and the transfusion of unscreened blood and blood products.
Globally, an estimated 71 million people have chronic hepatitis C infection.
A critical number of those who are chronically infected will develop cirrhosis or liver cancer.
Approximately 399 000 people die every year from hepatitis C, primarily from cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma.
Antiviral medications can cure greater than 95% of persons with hepatitis C infection, in doing so reducing the chance of death from liver cancer and cirrhosis, but availability to diagnosis and treatment is low.
There is at the moment no vaccine for hepatitis C; however research in this area is recurring.
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes both chronic and acute infection. Acute HCV infection is typically asymptomatic, and is only very rarely (if ever) linked with life-threatening disease. About 15-- 45% of infected persons automatically clear the virus within 6 months of infection without any treatment.
The remaining 60-- 80% of persons will develop chronic HCV infection. Of those with chronic HCV infection, the risk of cirrhosis of the liver is between 15-- 30% within 20 years.
Your liver is your most significant internal organ and your body's workhorse. Among its many jobs are converting food into fuel, processing fat from your blood, clearing harmful toxins, and making proteins that help your blood clot. Yet this hard-working, supersized organ is at risk to a dangerous and often hard-to-diagnose condition called nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, or NAFLD.
Liver disease - Fatty Liver.
NAFLD is defined as the existence of fat in more than 5% of liver cells. It is the most common liver disease and affects up to 25% of American adults, 60% of whom are men.
The disease raises your risk of heart disease and left untreated, NAFLD also can bring on an inflamed liver, a condition called nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).
In fact, as many as 40% of people with NAFLD develop NASH. NASH can cause scarring of the liver; severe scarring, called cirrhosis, increases your risk of liver cancer.
A growing problem.
Although drinking an excessive amount alcohol can cause fat build-up in click here the liver, NAFLD affects people who consume little or no alcohol.
Instead, the main culprit is excess weight-- which causes extra fat to get stored in the liver-- and is related to dyslipidemia (abnormally high LDL cholesterol levels, low HDL levels, or both), high blood pressure, and website diabetes.
Fatty Liver & Obesity
As the number of overweight people has increased, so too has the prevalence of NAFLD. "Much of this can be attributed to a habitual diet of more processed foods and higher amounts of carbohydrates, along with more sedentary lifestyles," says Dr. Kathleen Corey, director of the Fatty Liver Disease Clinic at Harvard-affiliated Massachusetts General Hospital. She adds that some people with fatty livers have none of these risk factors, which suggests that genes website can play an important role.
Acquiring healthy eating habits isn't as perplexing or as restrictive as some people imagine. The fundamental steps are to eat mostly foods derived from plants-- vegetables, fruits, whole grains and legumes (beans, peas, lentils)-- and limit highly processed foods. Begin on your healthy diet by following the links in this article.